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Alfred Moore Diary

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Opening: 4 verso, 5 recto
Date(s) of entries: January 10 to 15, 1865
Author: Alfred Moore
Content: Diary

Number: MSN/CW 8010-1

Transcribed by: Rev. Andy Sebesta, c.s.c., and George Rugg 2010

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Tuesday, JANUARY 10, 1864.

Started early this morning, after enduring a very cold rain which was falling all night, all hands wet with blankets in same fix, Encountered heavy snow drifts on the summit and descent of the Aleghany mountains that were almost impassible, would have been considered really so by any ordinary man but the will & energy of such a man as Rosser make everything bend to suit their purposes, crossed the Green Brier river & another large mountain stream before striking the Cheat Mountain, which were dangerously swolen, crossed the Cheat mountain & river encountered snow drifts all across the mountain.
Continued our march regardless of the approach of night. Stoped and fed within twelve miles of Beverly, he place pretty well understood now, to be our destination Weather extremely cold, not allowed to have any fire After feeding two hours, Command mounted & moved off, by circuitous mountain paths to avoid being detected by Yankee pickets. Marched until four oclock this morning [i. e., 11 January 1865], when we came in sight of Yankee encampment, situated a little north of Beverly We had got clear around in rear of the place & approached it as though we were coming from Phillipi. All hands were ordered to dismount tie our horses, & fall in line on foot which was done in a short time. We advanced cautiously until within fifty yards of the camp, when we were ordered to charge, which we executed with a vhim bearing down everything before us. It was a complete surprise to the Yankees, many of whom we had to pull out of bed. It did not take us long to finish the work. A very few of the Yankees made any resistance at all, By five oclock we had full possession of the place with six hundred prisoners, besides killing and wounding a great many of them, our loss was about fifteen killed & wounded, three or four killed. Yankees had about nine hundred troops at this place not less than three to our one. There were eight stores in Beverly which the soldiers were allowed to plunder to their own satisfaction which contained everything that a hungry soldier, bare footed headed, & raged one could desire, plenty of Calico hats & boots, besides everything good to eat that Yankee sutler stores could furnish, Command & prisoners moved out of town towards Staunton three miles & went into camp for the balance of day & night, My Co & squadron were left on picket near Beverly

Thursday, JANUARY 121864.

Owing to the carelessness of the guard some of the prisioners made their eacape last night. Leut Col. Comdg the post [i.e., Lt. Col. Robert Youart, 8th Ohio Cavalry] was among the number. Commenced our homeward march early this morning, went into camp. Went into camp about twenty miles from Beverly. Are returning by way of warm springs Bath Co a much farther route but a better one than which we went out. our squadron was ordered into town this morning to destroy all contraband property, then to close up to command, we overtook command just before it went into camp, whole Regt was sent to the front to picket towrds Weston

Friday THURSDAY 13

A false alarm came in this morning from the pickets in the rear, which caused Gen Rosser to move off immediately made the Yankees wade across the river, although it was before daylight & excessively cold. their clothes would freese stiff to them. It was soon found out that the alarm was false & a halt was ordered & fires were to be made so the Yankees could thaw & dry themselves. Several of them had frozen stiff & fallen in their tracks. Had to leave a number of the Company on account of sickness private D. Hughes. Camped for night in Pokahontas county five miles march

Saturday FRIDAY 14

Awoke this morning & found ourselves covered with snow, & still snowing Crossed the Green Brier river over a bridge Ascended the Alleghany mountains, the ascent is so regular that one could not tell that he was climbing a mountain Went into camp two miles east of Huntersville, County seat of Pokahontas. Regt. was on guard to night guarding prisoners.

Sunday 15

Camped to night on Jackson's river five miles of Warm Springs

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