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Caley Family Correspondence

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Document Type: Autograph Letter

Author: Charles Caley
Date: December 18, 1864
Place: Camp near Savannah, Georgia
To: Juliaette Carpenter Caley

Physical Description: Ink on paper; 8 pages (21 x 13 cm.) on 2 folded sheets

Note: Possibly lacking closing sheet(s)

Number: MSN CW 5024-27

Transcribed by: Jonathan Lawrence and George Rugg, 2004-05

(Please click on our Technical Details button at left
for more information on transcription conventions,
image scanning conventions, etc.)

Page 1      Images: 150 DPI100 DPI72 DPI

Camp of the 105th
Near Savannah Dec 18th 64

My Dear Wife

As I came inn from picket yesterday I found Some leters waiting inn Camp for me three from you and one from Brother John also the Sage you sent and also the paper you Sent.
you wished me to give you an account of our march and campaign So I wil begin to day Nov. 12th we Commenced our long and tiresom march we broke camp at Kingston about 8 o.clock every thing being cleaned out when about two milds out we could See the black Smoak looming up like a cloud and als the red

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flame which reached to the tops of the highest trees it was a grand Sight for us Soldiers we marched all day hard and camped that night on the Altona mountains it was a very cold raw windy night I was on camp guard and it was all I could do to keep from freezing
Nov 13th we got up early and got our breakfast and was ready to march at day light we went through the pass and marched out from altona about three milds haldet and began taring up the rail road Taring up our own line of Communication and as you may Say Cutting off our own Supplyes of life in the enamys Country and entirely cut off from every Communication but yet we went on piled up the ties and piled the rails on the top and

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and burnt them when the rails was red hot we could bend or twist them into any Shape and Such a job I never seen done before the rails wer left entirely useless we marched that day to within three milds of Marietta and campd and pretty tierd lot of boyes we was we burn all litel towns as passed through. Nov 14th we got up and ready to march at day light marched through Marietta that pretty litel town was all inn flames and the crashing of falling buildings flame and Smoke made it a horible Sight. we marchd to the Chattahoocha river and by a mistake inn orders Gen Beard tooks us on the rong road and marched us down the river and back making us march about Seven milds out of the way we cross the river and camped on the bank on the South Side

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Nov. 15th got into Atlanta about noon found a part of the town burnt and the fire was runing like a huricane about four.o.clock the rooms used for keeping rations cloathing and a most every thing elce for the armey caught fire and every thing was likely to be burnt So the Soldiers pitched inn and Stold every thing they could get holt of Atlanta was burnt to ashes before day light of the 16th 16th we left Atlanta about nine o.clock marched through Decater about noon marched to the right of Stone Mountain making about sixteen milds and camped
17th marched at day light marched until about 11.o.clock and began to tare up rail road worked until about two oc and marched on through Lythania 18th marched at day light Sending out a detail for forage Cap. Wilcox was inn the Squad that went out about two o.clock Some of the boys came up to us and reported rebel Cavalry out to the left and that they had wounded Capt Wilcox and Several men Maj Edwards [i.e., Maj. Charles G. Edwards, 105th Ohio Infantry] with four companies A. F. D and I went inn persuit we met Capt Wilcox all right we then went to the Spot whare the fighting was

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and found three men belonging to the 92nt Ohio Regmt one dead and one wounded Severely and the other wounded but slight we took the dead man and put his body into a buggy and also the wounded men we got a bed tore the Seat off the buggy put the bed onn and the wounded men onto it and took them to the camp of the 92nd Ohio that evening the fight was inn a litel town called Oxford we camped that night about five milds South of Covington that night 19th mooved at day light crossed the alcova river onn pontoons Sandtown is about eight milds from the river it is a Small town we tore up all the rail road I was very lamb and had to go to the ambulance and ride we found a man that was crazy at first we took him for a Spy at first and trying to play off he was put into the ambulance about dark he made a break for the woods

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the guard Stuck the bayonet through him as he jumped from the Ambulance and afterwards Shot him through but yet he run and as he was passing through our regt Capt Wallace [i.e., Capt. William I. Wallace, Co. I, 105th Ohio Infantry] hit him over the eye with his Saber and knocked him down he then came to his sencis and Said he belonged to the 18th Kentuckey Regt we marched about twenty milds that day. I find I have lost some leaves out of my diary for which I am very Sorey and can give you no more account until the first of Dec. we had ben laying at Louisville two days Dec 1st broke camp at 11.o.clock marched three milds and found our cavaldry inn line of battel and Scirmishing heavy the cavaldry made a charge and we repilsed So then came orders to Beard to Send up Some infantry to Stop the

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quarrel our brigaid being inn advance was orderd up we formed inn two lines of batel in a cornfield and mooved up Steady having out flankers and Scirmishehers we passed through a large Coten field and into the woods but the Johney Rebs Seeing us come took to thair heals and did not trouble us any more that day I Saw Some wounded perhaps half a dozen inn all two of our men and three or four Rebels and fifteen or twenty horses we then marched onn about Seven milds and camped our Cavaltry passed on by us. 2nd got up at five.o.c. had Some corne cakes for breakfast which I just wet up with coald water and Salt and fryed them them inn greease we marched at day light we marched about three milds and found the cavaldry falling back and Scirmishing

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but they could not call on the 2nt brigaid this time it was the third brigaids turn to be inn front so it went to Stop the quarel between the cavaldry and Rebels they made a charge and drove the rebs from thair baricades killing and wounding a number. we then [2 words illeg] to within about four milds of Santown and turned to the right marched until dark and camped I was on picket that night
3rd marched early and about noon run into the twentieth Corpse and had to turn back and go to a road farther to the left we went on to the rail road to a Station called Thomases Station it is on his large plantatian and about five milds of Wainesborough we tore up the Rail Road for Several milds that night and then camped we could hear hard Scirmishing it was the cavaldry and Oald Wheelar [i.e., Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, CSA] about twelve o.c. inn the night the rebs opend Som artilery but done us no injury with it the Scirmising as kept up all night but don but litel damage

Transcription last modified: 16 Dec 2005 at 10:47 AM EST

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