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  (transcriptions only)

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Manuscripts of the American Civil War
Caley Family Correspondence

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Document Type: Autograph Document

Author: Charles Caley
Date: [March 1865]

Physical Description: Ink on paper; 6 pages; 2 pp (30 x 20 cm) on 1 sheet and 4 pp (21 x 13 cm) on 1 folded sheet

Note: the text filling these two sheets was presumably copied by Caley from his diary, to be sent home.

Number: MSN CW 5024-30

Transcribed by: Jonathan Lawrence and George Rugg, 2004-05

(Please click on our Technical Details button at left
for more information on transcription conventions,
image scanning conventions, etc.)

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[1 line illeg]
from Columbia and was a very prety litle town before the yankes got into it and burnt and destroyed it we lay inn town until after noon and then marched on the rest of the troop had got out of our way we took the Columbia road and marched to within Six milds of the town the first and 2nd Div drove the rebs acrost the River and built up works the third Div Staying back to guard the rear I was on picket and could hear conciderable fireing all night 17th the rebs got out early and the 17th Corps went into Columbia and burnt it to the ground our brigaid was inn the rear and it was nearly dark before we crossed the Saluda River we then marched twelve milds and camped about twelve o'clock 18th revale at four but did not get Started until nine o'clock after going two milds we found the road So bad that we had to Corduroy it before our train could pass over it it took us until nearly dark to go Seven milds we camped near a ferry on the wide River I Saw Some Rebs that came into our lines and gave thenselves up that lived near thair Some of our foragers had ben to their houses the day before and got some boots and a hat the reb Saw them and asked the forager if he did not get them at Such a plaice he told him he did the reb got his boots and hat again 19th revale at four marchd at nine o'clock crossed Broad river at ten o'clock our Course was west we went to Alston Station and burnt and destroyed the depo and road also a large pile of corn (20 thousand bushels) the rail raod had ben washed away by the high water and had just ben repaired finished the day before by three hundred hands it was trused work all new and about twenty feet high over one mild of it Alston is on the Columbia and Greenville Rail Road and near broad river the river whair we crossed was two hundred and twenty yards wide
[2 lines illeg]

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feb 20th revale at five marched at Seven marchd seven milds and camped within two milds of Montsela [sp. Monticello] 21st crossed the Chanesar Creek and marchd to Winsboro about noon Stoped about two hours for diner and after that marched five milds and camped making nineteen milds 22nd marched at Six o clock marched north west Striking the rail road about nine o'clock we Stoped tore up and burnt the track got diner and went on marched through Black Stock and went into camp making fourteen milds 23rd revale at five marched at Seven o'clock we marched 18n milds and camped within about three milds of the Catawba River it rained all the after noon and night I was on camp guard 24th it rained all day and night we had to build corduroy road and to brige the river So we did not march the 25th continued to rain and the pontoons broke so we could not cross the river that day 26th orders to march at Seven o'clock but before we got to the river the pontoons washed away and we had to halt again and camp I went on picket 27th did not march that day got orders to cross the river at ten o clock that night but did not cross until the morning of the 28th it was five oclock when we crossed the river it was rainingh hard all the time the mud was knee deep we marched three milds and haltd for the train to close up it was night when it got up So we went but two milds and camped
     Mach 1st we marched at day light and went twelve milds before noon after diner we went but four milds the roads wer very bad and we had to corduroy them we camped that night at what is called Hanging Rock it is a Small village and on a Stream known thair by the name of Rock Creek it is known as the oald battle field of General Gates fought inn 1777 and whiped the British
[2 lines illeg]
just ready to fall

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     March 2nd we got Started at nine o'clock the road was most impassible and at three o'clock we had got but three milds from camp we got diner and after going one mild farther we got onto good road and made Sixteen milds before Camping we crossed two Streams one was little linch the other I did not learn the name of it was about twelve o'clock when Co F got to camp we had to go inn rear of the train but we made it pay we Stold a box of Crackers that night 3rd we marched at Six. o'clock it was raining hard and continued to nearly all day the roads was awful and our march was Slow and tiresom we Crossed a Small Stream Called flat creek. we had to cut roads through the woods and get the

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the train along the best we could it was ten o'clock we had nothing to eat that night I with Some others went and got Some corn and backed it about a mild to mil and got it ground we had it for morning 4th marched at Six I was on guard and had to go with our waggon to help it over bad roads about noon we Struck N.C. line we camped at five. o'clock marching twenty milds that day we Crossed large Lynch Crick and wide flat Crick 5th we marched at nine. o'clock making nine milds and camping within half of a mild of the great Pedee [sp. Pee Dee] River. 6th the pontoons was not down it was noon when they got them on [illeg] when part of the first Div had crossed the brige broke and that delayed us we did not moove that day 7th orders to march at six. o'clock but the

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brige broke again and it was two o'clock when we crossed the Pedee is 800 feet wide but not very deap. I was on guard and went with the waggons we marched fifteen milds and camped. Our foragers wer drove inn and our Supper was rather Short that night 8th marched at Six we left Rockingham five milds to our left and took the direct road for Fayetteville we marched twenty Six milds and camped at dark it had rained hard all day 9th marched at Seven o.c. our brigaid was inn the rear and the train cut the road so it was very hard marching and the rebs destroyed all the briges before us that hinderd Some we marched but 19n milds and camped Seventeen milds from Fayetteville 10th we marched at eight o'clock but found that the rebs had destroyed two quite larg briges we marched but four milds

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and camped we could hear hard fighting to our left the rebs made a brake on Killpatrick [i.e., Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick] but I guess they got the worst of it 11th marched at Six o'clock we wer just thirteen milds from Fayetteville and when we got within Six milds of the town the rebs fired on us from behind Some works but before we could get to it the rebs had fled we then pushed on and got into Fayetteville at just 11.oclock our brigaid has the honor of taking that plaice when we got into town the 105th was put on provo duty and Col. Pirkens [i.e., Lt. Col. George T. Perkins, 105th Ohio Infantry] for provo martial I went to a private house to guard it I boarded with the family and had good living. on the night of the 13th the 20th corps train passed through and one Regt to guard it they tryed to plunder and Steal from our guards and the result was one man got Shot
     the 14th we destroyed the arsinals and blowed up the magazines and every publick building in the plaice all the factoryes and all but two Grist mils wer destroyed and all Stores opend and riddeld

Transcription last modified: 16 Dec 2005 at 10:47 AM EST

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